Nigeria: Report Blames Boko Haram Insurgency, North-East Conflicts On Poor Governance

Nigeria: Report Blames Boko Haram Insurgency, North-East Conflicts On Poor Governance

Photo: VOA

Boko Haram members prepare to cut off the hands of two civilians accused of theft.

The conflicts, terror and violence ravaging Nigeria's North-east region are consequences of the failure of government and deficit in governance in the region, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) said it its latest National Human Development Report (NHDR).

The 94-page report titled, "Achieving Human Development in North East Nigeria", focused on the six states of Adamawa, Bauchi, Borno, Gombe, Taraba and Yobe mostly affected by the activities of the Boko Haram terror group.

Findings in the report said the Boko Haram insurgency is "in a significant sense, a response to the consequences of progressive failure of governance", particularly the persistence of governance deficits frustrating freedom of political choice in the region.

"When the perception of bad governance is coupled with widespread poverty, the youth have become highly sceptical about a democratic system that has brought hem little benefit and only serve the interests of a smaller political elite.

"Hopelessness and frustrations as a result of unemployment and widespread poverty have therefore lured the largely youthful population to embrace resistance," the report said.

The report, launched on Friday in Abuja, highlighted four main findings from the study, which showed a significant relationship between perceptions of exclusion, inequality, widespread unemployment, poverty, religious bigotry, western education and consequences of raging conflicts, terror and violence in the region.

Also, the report said there was a significant convergence of the consequences of the conflicts and violence on infrastructure, loss of property, unemployment, loss of lives, psychological trauma and resultant loss of livelihood.

Other findings included that perceptions of exclusion extended to health, education, agriculture, developmental infrastructure and other livelihood amenities.

Some of the recommendations for preventing the crisis include addressing conclusively, rather than glossing over the root causes; early detection of potential crisis triggers; delinking state from religion; strengthening rule of law; promoting peace building and peace education initiatives.

Supervising minister of finance, Zainab Ahmed, in her speech, bemoaned the changing socio-economic status of the region as a result of the orgy of conflict, terror and violence inflicted on many innocent victims in the area.

The minister said the federal government was committed to address, conclusively, the crisis currently ravaging the country's North-east region.

She said it remained unfortunate that the North-east, once known for its immense potential and rich historic contribution to Nigeria's wealth and development, including previously as centre of commerce, is at the moment best known for nothing except for the conflict, terror and violence.

"Our country's North-east region is now probably one of the most famous geographic locations of the world, largely due to its association with the Boko Haram insurgency," Mrs Ahmed said.

To ensure the region's contributions to Nigeria's socio-economic development were not easily forgotten, she said the current administration was determined to do all within its capacity to bring the crisis to an end.

The decision by UNDP to focus national and global attention to the North-east region, she noted, was extremely important, particularly as it would place the developmental issues and challenges it's facing in the global context it rightly deserves.

She expressed hope that the report will provide understanding to the humanitarian and developmental challenges of the people of the region and propose lasting remedial measures to end the crisis.

The report discusses the causal factors and possible internal as well as the external enablers fuelling violence and conflict leading to the monumental humanitarian challenge the region is currently grappling with.

Evidence of the negative impact of the crisis in the region, the minister noted, has been tens of thousands of deaths and the displacement of close to two million Nigerians across the six states between 2009 and 2016.

"The North-east in its entirety has also faced other forms of human destruction that are extremely disturbing, including the abduction and trafficking of persons - mostly boy children used as foot soldiers, and girl children used as sex slaves; displacement of persons from their homes and livelihoods, and radicalization of populations through religiously articulated ideological indoctrination and extremist political propaganda," the minister said.

Apart from the destruction of the socio-economic and agricultural basis of livelihoods in the region, she said the stigma associated with displacement and homelessness of the people has been a source of great worry to Nigerians and the government.

Other concerns include the long-term psycho-social impacts of terror and destruction on education and health facilities as well as the environment.

The report is the outcome of a study aimed at identifying historical, socio-cultural an economic cause of the conflict and violence in the North-east region.

Also, the study was to assess the specific contribution of the main socio-economic factors, especially the place of perceived 'exclusion' and 'marginalisation' in exacerbating conflicts, violence and insurgency in the region.

The report is the 8th edition to be published in Nigeria.


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Publish date : 2018-10-08 05:04:59
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